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全国2005年1月自学考试《综合英语(二)》试题
发布日期:2012-11-8 17:59:50 来源:广东自考网 阅读: 【字体:

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  I. Complete the sentences with the best choice. Write your correct letter on the Answer Sheet:(30%)

  1.All flights _________ because of the storm; they decided to take the train.

  A. having canceled B. have been canceled

  C. were canceled D. having been canceled

  2.In writing one should always try to make one’s meaning as clear as possible in _________.

  A. simple way as possible B. as simple way as possible

  C. as simple a way as possible D. possible simple way

  3.He was so careless that he made quite a few mistakes which might _________.

  A. have avoided B. be avoided

  C. avoided D. have been avoided

  4.I _________ you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money at that time.

  A. liked to give B. would like to give

  C. liked to have given D. would have liked to give

  5.I didn’t mean _________ anything, but those apples looked so good that I couldn’t resist _______one.

  A. to eat...trying B. eat...to try

  C. to eat...being tried D. eating...to be tried

  6.Tom and Ben have _________ again and do not speak to each other.

  A. fallen in B. fallen through

  C. fallen out D. fallen behind

  7.Tony was in plain clothes, watching for a _________ character at London Airport all night.

  A. suspicious B. suspect

  C. susceptible D. doubt

  8.Charles would quit his job to _________ more respectable employment.

  A. take up B. take to

  C. take into D. take over

  9.The doctor assured her that the pain would _________ in a few days.

  A. wear off B. die off

  C. go off D. get off

  10.Always show your friends that you appreciate what they do for you. You should never take them _________.

  A. for granted B. in your stride

  C. out of habit D. on trust

  11.Tom’s mother, as well as his father, _________ in the city for another two weeks.

  A. suggests he stays B. suggests he stay

  C. suggest him to stay D. suggest he stay

  12.Nowhere _________ the results more clearly than in Europe.

  A. have we seen B. we have seen

  C. did we seen D. we saw

  13.He never hesitates to make _________ criticisms _________ are considered helpful to others.

  A. such...as B. such...which

  C. many...as D. many...which

  14.She is expecting another baby and hopes _________ will be a boy.

  A. he B. she

  C. it D. that

  15.The old lady needs _________ after her shock.

  A. to comfort B. be comforted

  C. comforting D. comforted

  Ⅱ. Cloze:(15%)

  Complete the passage by putting in the blanks with the correct choice. Write your correct letter on the Answer Sheet:

  By 1914 Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to be a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. It was an ideal position. 1 soon this peace and quiet were broken by the First World War. Einstein hated violence. The war and its misery affected him deeply. He lost interest in 2 of his research. Only when peace was finally restored in 1918

  3 to get back to work.

  It seems remarkable that the intellectuals were such a general appreciation of Einstein’s genius. At a time one science writer 4 this comment: “The odds are heavily 5 any man being able to do the work in the field of abstract theory that Einstein is doing. But he has overcome these odds two or three times in his lifetime already. If anyone has the right to hope he can solve what to most physicists would seem 6 , he has. He is truly imaginative and original. And he is stubborn enough to hold on to any idea if he thinks it is right, no matter how strange it

  7 seem to the rest of us. If he 8 all these qualities, he could never 9 what he

  10 or 11 the chance of succeeding in what he 12 .”

  In 1940 Einstein became an American citizen and 13 the rest of his life in the United States.

  In 1955, Einstein’s life ended at the age of 76. But all men now live in a 14 world because this simple man of genius gave all of his intelligence and heart to his fellowman. He lived not to conquer or destroy 15 to understand.

  1.A. when B. then C. but D. still

  2.A. much B. many C. little D. few

  3.A. he was able B. enabled him C. was he able D. he could

  4.A. had done B. made C. did D. had made

  5.A. opposed B. objected C. unfavourable D. against

  6.A. unobtainable B. undesirable C. unsolved D. unsolvable

  7.A. can B. may C. does D. should

  8.A. doesn’t have B. didn’t have C. hadn’t had D. haven’t have

  9.A. do B. have done C. have had D. have

  10.A. has done B. have done C. did D. had done

  11.A. had B. has C. have D. have had

  12.A. is trying doing B. tries doing C. is trying to do D. has tried to do

  13.A. did B. made C. lived D. took

  14.A. changed B. changeable C. change D. changing

  15.A. but B. nor C. and D. or

  Ⅲ. Choose the correct paraphrasing of the following sentences, and write your right letter on the Answer Sheet.(10%)

  1.It usually takes a trip home to bring one back to reality.

  A. Usually, when you go back to your own country, all the symptoms of culture shock disappear.

  B. Usually a trip back to your own country will relieve you of homesickness.

  C. Usually when you are back in your own country again, you realize that there are problems there.

  D. Usually when you return to your own country, you realize how nice it is to be home again.

  2.I’d have given the rest of my life for a single gulp of water.

  A. A gulp of water is so expensive that I’d have given the rest of my life to buy it.

  B. I was so thirsty that I’d given anything to have a single gulp of water.

  C. During the rest of my life, I would work for a single gulp of water.

  D. After drinking a gulp of water, I died directly.

  3.I had deliberately got myself into this jam.

  A. I chose to be in the crowd—that made me warm.

  B. I like the fruit so much that I made jam of it and had it everyday.

  C. My speculation of the position proved wrong, and I had got myself in the trouble.

  D. I got myself in trouble on purpose.

  4.How do you do about making a boy into a zero?

  A. How can you conceal a boy and make him obscure?

  B. How can you take all the money from the boy?

  C. How do you set to work at making the boy good for nothing?

  D. How do you start to make the boy get zero grades?

  5.Christmas has been commercialized out of its real meaning.

  A. Christmas has been bought and sold so that it has lost its real meaning.

  B. People have too much commercial activity on Christmas, and they have bought all the real meaning.

  C. Christmas became an occasion during which people keep buying too much and they forget its real meaning.

  D. The merchants are trying to make money out from Christmas so it loses its real meaning.

  Ⅳ. Translate the following sentences into English, and then write your sentences on the Answer Sheet:(15%)

  1.这项工作怎么做并不重要,但要干好。(as long as) 2.他把所有的钱都赠送掉了。(give away)

  3.我们不应该把自然资源在我们这一代用光,而不为后人留下任何东西。(use up)

  4.这本挺难,我一小时只读了10页。(cover)

  5.他身体好极了,真有福气。(be blessed with)

  Ⅴ. Read the following passages and complete the statements or answer the questions with the correct choice. Write your right letter on the Answer Sheet:(30%)

  Passage 1

  Under normal conditions the act of communication requires the presence of at least two persons: one who sends and one who receives the communication. In order to communicate thoughts and feelings, there must be a conventional system of signs or symbols which mean the same to the sender and the receiver.

  The means of sending communications are too numerous and varied for systematic classification: therefore, the analysis must begin with the means of receiving communications. Reception of communication is achieved by our senses. Sight, hearing and touch play the most important roles. Smell and taste play very limited roles.

  Examples of visual communication are gesture and imitation. Although both frequently accompany speech, there are systems that rely solely on sight, such as those used by deaf and dumb persons. Another means of communicating visually is by signals of fire, smoke, flags or flashing lights. Feelings may be simply communicated by touch such as by handshaking, although a highly-developed system of handshaking as disabled blind, deaf, and dumb persons to communicate intelligently. Whistling to someone, clapping hands in a theater, and other forms of communication by sound rely upon the ear as a receiver. The most fully-developed form of auditory communication is, of course, the spoken language.

  The means of communication mentioned so far have two features in common: they last only a short time, and the persons involved must be relatively close to each other. Therefore, all are restricted in time and space.

  1.The word “auditory” in the third paragraph means communication by_________.

  A. smelling B. seeing

  C. hearing D. touching

  2.The author explains that he will deal with reception of communication first because_________ .

  A. communication actually takes place when the message is received

  B. there are more means of receiving than of sending communications

  C. reception of communications involves use of the senses

  D. it is difficult to organize by typing the means of sending communication

  3.Clapping hands is specifically mentioned as an example of_________.

  A. communication by sound B. gesture and imitation

  C. communication by touch D. a simple system of visual communication

  4.The author specifically mentions that speech is_________.

  A. often used when communicating

  B. necessary for satisfactory communication by gesture

  C. the only highly-developed system of communication

  D. the most developed form of communication based on hearing

  5.Which of the following statements about the way of communicating ideas and feelings mentioned in the passage is false?

  A. They can be used to communicate over long distances.

  B. They require both a sender and receiver.

  C. They involve use of conventional signs and symbols.

  D. They utilize the senses for reception.

  Passage 2

  Is it possible to persuade mankind to live without war? War is an ancient institution which has existed for at least six thousand years. It was always bad and usually foolish, but in the past the human race managed to live with it. Modern ingenuity has changed this. Either Man will abolish war, or war will abolish Man. For the present, it is nuclear weapons that cause the most serious danger, but bacteriological or chemical weapons may, before long, offer an even greater threat. If we succeed in abolishing nuclear weapons, our work will not be done. It will never be done until we have succeeded in abolishing war. To do this, we need to persuade mankind to look upon international questions in a new way, not as contests of force, in which the victory goes to the side which is most skillful in killing people, but by arbitration in accordance with agreed principles of law. It is not easy to change very old mental habits, but this is what must be attempted.

  There are those who say that the adoption of this or that ideology would prevent war. I believe this to be a big error. All ideologies are based upon dogmatic statements which are, at best, doubtful, and at worst, totally false. Their adherents believe in them so fanatically that they are willing to go to war in support of them.

  The movement of world opinion during the past few years has been very largely such as we can welcome. It has become a commonplace that unclear war must be avoided. Of course very difficult problems remain in the world, but the spirit in which they are being approached is a better one than it was some years ago. It has begun to be thought, even by the powerful men who decide whether we shall live or die, that negotiations should reach agreements even if both sides do not find these agreements wholly satisfactory. It has begun to be understood that the important conflict nowadays is not between different countries, but between Man and the atom bomb.

 

  6.This passage implies that war is now_________.

  A. worse than in the past B. as bad as in the past

  C. not so dangerous as in the past D. as necessary as in the past

  7.In the sentence “To do this, we need to persuade mankind.”(Paragraph 1),“this” refers to_________?

  A. abolish war B. improve weapons

  C. solve international problems D. live a peaceful life

  8.From Paragraph 2 we learn that the writer of the passage_________.

  A. is an adherent of some modern ideologies

  B. does not think that the adoption of any ideology could prevent war

  C. believe that the adoption of some ideologies could prevent war

  D. does not doubt the truth of any ideologies

  9.According to the writer,_________.

  A. war is the only way to solve international disputes

  B. war will be less dangerous because of the improvement of weapons

  C. it is impossible for people to live without war

  D. war must be abolished if man wants to survive

  10.The last paragraph suggests that_________.

  A. international agreements can be reached more easily now

  B. man begins to realize the danger of nuclear war

  C. nuclear war will definitely not take place

  D. world opinion welcomes nuclear war

  Passage 3

  Telephoning for the local taxi to come and fetch me, I went to Oxford and bought a camera. Although it was the start of a busy Saturday afternoon, the boy who served me tackled the problem of a one-handed photographer with enthusiasm and as if he had all the time in the world. Between us we sorted out a miniature German sixteen millimetre camera, three inches long by one and a half wide, which I could hold, set, snap, and wind with one hand with the greatest of ease.

  He gave me a thorough lesson in how to work it, added in inches to its length in the shape of a screwed-on photo-electric light meter, loaded it with film, and slid it into a black case so small that it made no bulge in my trouser pocket. He also offered to change the film later if I couldn’t manage it. We parted on the best of terms.

  When I got back everyone was sitting round a cosy fire in the drawing-room eating crumpets. Very tantalizing. I love crumpets.

  No one took much notice when I went in and sat down on the fringe of the circle except Mrs. Van Dysart, who began sharpening her claw. She got in a couple of quick digs about young men marrying girls for their money, and Charles didn’t say that I hadn’t. Viola looked at me searchingly, worryingly opening her mouth. I winked, and she shut it again in relief.

  11.The writer

  A. lived in Oxford. B. was staying in Oxford.

  C. was staying near Oxford. D. was brought home from Oxford in a taxi

  12.The assistant in the shop

  A. had plenty of time.

  B. was particularly helpful.

  C. was used to selling cameras to one-armed photographers.

  D. considered one-armed photographers a problem.

  13.The assistant

  A. showed the writer how to fix the light meter.

  B. taught the writer how to use the camera.

  C. put the camera into the writer’s pocket.

  D. demonstrated how to load the film.

  14.When the writer got back to the house

  A. he ate some crumpets.

  B. he sat down on the floor with the others.

  C. Mrs. Van Dysart said something unpleasant.

  D. Charles joined in the discussion.

  15.Viola

  A. was looking for something. B. was searching for the writer.

  C. didn’t know the writer was. D. knew the writer well.

  Passage 4

  A geyser is the result to underground water under the combined conditions of high temperatures and increased pressure beneath the surface of the depth. Water that seeps down in cracks and fissures until it reaches very hot rocks in the earth’s interior and becomes heated to a temperature in excess of 290 degrees F. Because of the greater pressure, it shoots out of the surface in the form of steam and hot water. The result is a geyser.

  For the most part, geysers are located in three regions of the world: New Zealand, Iceland, and the Yellowstone National Park area of the United States. The most famous geyser in the world is Old Faithful in Yellowstone Park. Old Faithful erupts almost every hour, rising to a height of 125 to 170 feet and expelling more than ten thousand gallons during each eruption.

  16.In order for a geyser to erupt

  A. hot rocks must rise to the surface of the earth.

  B. water must flow underground.

  C. it must be a warm day.

  D. the earth must not be rugged or broken.

  17.Old Faithful is located in

  A. New Zealand. B. Iceland.

  C. the United States. D. England.

  18.Old Faithful erupts

  A. every 10 minutes. B. every 60 minutes.

  C. every 125 minutes. D. every 170 minutes.

  19.A geyser is

  A. hot water and stream. B. cracks and fissures.

  C. hot rocks. D. great pressure.

  20.As depth increases

  A. pressure increases but temperature does not.

  B. temperature increases but pressure does not.

  C. both pressure and temperature increase.

  D. neither pressure nor temperature increases.

 

 

 

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