Australian Aborigines (土著居民)
Some aborigines live in the desert of Western Australia. They gather wild plants and bunt
wild animals. Their desert environment averages less than eight inches of rain per year. And
the temperature in summer may rise to 48°C. The few permanent (永久的) water holes are
separated by hundreds of square miles of sand and rock.
On a typical day, the aborigines get up just before sunrisc. The people breakfast on water
and food left over from the night before. Children are sent to fetch water. In the cool of the
early morming, the adults talk and make plans for the day. Where should they go fr food- to
places they have been to recently, or to new places? The women decide which plants they
want to collect, and where those plants are most likely to be found. Then they take up their
sticks and set out with large wooden bowls of drinking water on their heads. Their children
ride on their hips (胯) or walk alongside. Meanwhile, the men may have decided to bhunt
animals. They go to a stream where they will wait to get any animal that may come along,
They lie patiently behind a screen of bush they have set up, hoping for a chance to throw a
spear (别) at the animal. If they miss, the animal will run away. So they can only throw once.
By noon, the men and women are back at camp. The women are usually with theirwooden bowls each fillel with fruits or other plant foods; the men are often with only sorme
small animals such as rabbits. Since the men's fo-eting is less certain of success than the
women's, most of the aborigines' diet is plant food.
1. Some Australian aborigines live by hunting and collecting wild plants.
C. Not Given
2. There are many permanent water holes near the aborigines' homes.
3. The aborigine children usually start schooling around eight years old.
4. The aborigines get up early in the moming.
B. False :
5. The aborigines have supper leftovers for breakfast.
6. The aborigine adults make plans in the evening.
7. When stting out to work, the aborigine women leave their children at home.
8. The aborigine men run after wild animals and try to catch them.
A. True .
9. The aborigines mainly eat plant food.
10. The aborigines' diet makes them strong and healthy.
C. Not Given第二部分:阅读选择(第11~1S题，每题2分，共10分)
Keeper of the Spring
An old man lived in a quiet forest high above an Austrian vllge along the eastern side
of the Alps (阿尔卑斯山). He had been hired many years earlier by a young man fom the
town council (委员会) to clear away the rubish from the pools of water up in the mountain
that fed the lovely spring flowing through their town. Faithully and silentl, he walked
around in the hills every day, removed the leaves and branches, and wiped away the mud that
would otherwise have choked and polluted the fresh flow of water. The village soon became a
popular attraction for vacationers.
Years passed. One evening the town council met for its monthly meeting. As they reviewed
the budget, one man's eye caught the salay being paid to the keeper of the spring. Said the keeper
of the purse,“Who is the old man? Why do we keep him on year after year? No one ever sees
him. For all we know, he is doing us no good. He isn't ncessary any longer." After a vote,
they stopped the old man's services.
For several weeks, nothing changed.
By early autumn, the branches and leaves of tees began to fall into the pools, blocking
the rushing flow of water. Wthin a few days, the water became darker and darker. Wfthin
another week, a trrible smell was detected (觉察). Soon, fingers of disease reached deeply
into the vllge.
Realizing their error of judgment, the counil rehired the old keeper of the spring and,
within a few weeks, the river of life began to clear up.
Never become discouraged with the seening smalness of your task, job, or life. The key to
achievernent is believing that what you can do will make a dfference.
11. The old man was hired to,
A. keep the pools of water clean
B. feed the lovely spring
C. look after the trees in the forest
D. manage the town council
12. Tourists coming to the vllge were mainly atracted by.
A. the town council building
B. the old man
C. the lovely spring
D. the quiet forest
13. The town council fired the old man because they thought，
A. his job was not useful
B. his salary was too high
C. he did not do his job well
D. he was too old for the job
14. What happened after the old man was dismissed?
A. The trees began to die off.
B. Villagers moved into the forest.
C. The spring became dry.
D. Discases spread in the village.
15. What can we learn from this text?
A. No pain, no gain.
B. Every job is worth having.
C. Practice makes perfect.
D. He laughs best who laughs last.
阅读下面短文，请完成短文后的2项测试任务: (1) 从第16~20题后所给的6个
选项中为第➊~❺段每段选择1个正确的小标题: (2) 从第21~25题后所给的6个选
Super Sense of Smell
➊Dogs have a surprising sense of smel. It allows them to perform excellently at
searcb-and-rescue operations. It also enables them to detect bombs. They can even snif (嗅)
out chemical changes resulting from certain diseases. Therefore, dogs are trained to save
❷Dogs begin training when they are two months old. Their owmers drop them off at training
centers from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. every weekday. During the time, trainers play hide- and see with the
dogs to train their sense of smell. They teach the dogs to climb ladders and run past obstacles (障
碍). They also expose the dogs to loud noises.
❸Diseases have specific smells. Although the smells are usually too subtle for human
noses to detect, dogs can tell something is wrong and wam people about the problem by
barking. Many people have reported tbat thcir dogs warned them of an ilness.
❹Scientists are training dogs to detect discase. A dog is asked to snif a wheel. Blood
samples from different people are attached to the outside of the wheel. Blood from a cancer
patient has a slighty diferent smell than blood from a healthy person. The dog must figure
out which blood sample to pick.
❺Scientists are working to design an electronic nose that can snif out cancer. To do that,
they need to figure out wbat molecules (分子) are sent out ftom the cancer. Then they can createa mixture with similar smell to that of the cancer. Once scienits know which molecules match
the cancer's smell, e-nose could be designed to detect cancer.
16. Paragraph ➊:
A. Electronic nose design
17. Paragraph ❷:
B. Blood sample detection
18. Paragraph ❸:
C. Molecule structure
19. Paragaph❹: .
D. Training for dogs
20. Paragraph ❺:
E. Life-saving ability of dogs
F. Dogs' ability to detect diseases
21. Dogs can recognize chemical changes.
22. Dogs are sent to training centers,
23. Dogs sometimes can wam their owners.
24. Dogs are trained to detect diseases.
25. To design an e-nose, scientists must find out.
A. to train their sense of smell
B. to perform search and rescue
C. which are caused by diseases
D. who suffer from certain cancers
E. which molecules go with cancer
F. by recognizing certain blood samples
It was the frst week of June. Giabi just finished her third year of high school. However,
when she rcceived her report card in the mail, she learned that she failed a semester of algebra
(代数). _ 26_
Gabi was glad she had the chance to make up for the class. She can't move on to the next
level in math if she doesn't pass algebra. Summer school isn't easy though._ 27. During
the regular school year, however, she has twenty weeks to do so.
Summer school meant that Gabi would be stuck in a hot classroom while most of her
friends were at the beach or local amusement parks. Gabi's friends didn't fail any
course._ 28 Going to summer school also meant that Gabi's family had to change their
summer vacation plans.
Gabi had to be in summer school from 9 a.m. to noon._ 29_ She had to be on the bus
at least an hour before class started or else she would be late. The casooms were hot since
the school building was old and did not have air conditioning. When Gabi came home from
school, she couldn't do whatever she wanted. She had homework to do. .
This was the first time Gabi had to go to summer school._ 30 She made a promise
to bherself. In the fall, when regular classes begin again, she will try her hardest to pass all the
A. She wanted it to be the last time.
B. She couldn't stay up late on weeknights. .
C. Gabi planned to go tavelling next summer.
D. This meant she bad to go to summer school.
E. Gabi has to master the material in six weeks.
F. They could have the whole summer free fom schoolwork.