Some aborigines live in the desert of Western Australia They gather wild plants and huntwild animals. Their desert environment averages less than eight inches of rain per year. Andthe temperature in summer may rise to 48°℃. The few permanent (永久的) water holes areseparated by hundreds of square miles of sand and rock.
On a typical day, the aborigines get up just before sunrise. The people breakfast on waterand food left over from the night before. Children are sent to fetch water. In the cool of theearly morning, the adults talk and make plans for the day. Where should they go for food— toplaces they have been to recently, or to new places? The women decide which plants theywant to collect, and where those plants are most likely to be found. Then they take up theirsticks and set out with large wooden bowls of drinking water on their heads. Their childrenride on their hips (胯) or walk alongside. Meanwhile, the men may have decided to huntanimals.They go to a stream where they will wait to get any animal that may come along.They lie patiently behind a screen of bush they have set up, hoping for a chance to throw aspear (矛) at the animal. If they miss, the animal will run away. So they can only throw once.
By noon,the men and women are back at camp.The women are usually with their
wooden bowls each filled with fruits or other plant foods; the men are often with only somesmall animals such as rabbits. Since the men's food-getting is less certain of success than thewomen's, most of the aborigines'diet is plant food.
1.Some Australian aborigines live by hunting and collecting wild plants.A.True
C. Not Given
2. There are many permanent water holes near the aborigines'homes.A. True
3. The aborigine children usually start schooling around eight years old.A.True
C. Not Given
4.The aborigines get up early in the morning.
C. Not Given
5. The aborigines have supper leftovers for breakfast.
C. Not Given
6. The aborigine adults make plans in the evening.
7. When setting out to work, the aborigine women leave their children at home.A.True
8. The aborigine men run after wild animals and try to catch them.
C. Not Given
9. The aborigines mainly eat plant food.
C. Not Given
10. The aborigines'diet makes them strong and healthy.
Keeper of the Spring
An old man lived in a quiet forest high above an Austrian village along the eastern side
of the Alps (阿尔卑斯山). He had been hired many years earlier by a young man fom the
town council (委员会) to clear away the rubish from the pools of water up in the mountain
that fed the lovely spring flowing through their town. Faithully and silentl, he walked
around in the hills every day, removed the leaves and branches, and wiped away the mud that
would otherwise have choked and polluted the fresh flow of water. The village soon became a
popular attraction for vacationers.
Years passed. One evening the town council met for its monthly meeting. As they reviewed
the budget one man's eye caught the salay being paid to the keeper of the spring. Said the keeper
of the purse,“Who is the old man? Why do we keep him on year after year? No one ever sees
him. For all we know, he is doing us no good. He isn't ncessry any longer." After a vote,
they stopped the old man's services.
For several weeks, nothing changed.
By early autumn, the branches and leaves of trees began to fall into the pools, blocking
the rushing flow of water. Within a few days, the water became darker and darker. Within
another week, a terrible smell was detected (觉察). Soon, fingers of disease reached deeply
into the vllage.
Realizing their error of judgment, the counil rehired the old keeper of the spring and,
within a few weeks, the river of life began to clear up.
Never become discouraged with the seeming smallness of your task, job, or life. The key to
achievement is believing that what you can do will make a difference.
11. The old man was hired to,
A. keep the pools of water clean
B. feed the lovely spring
C. look after the trees in the forest
D. manage the town council
12. Tourists coming to the vllge were mainly atracted by
A. the town council building
B. the old man
C. the lovely spring
D. the quiet forest13. The town council fired the old man because they thougth______.
A. his job was not useful
B. his salary was too high
C. he did not do his job well
D. he was too old for the job
14. What happened after the old man was dismissed?
A. The trees began to die off.
B. Villagers moved into the forest.
C. The spring becamne dry.
D. Diseases spread in the village.
15. What can we learn from this text?
A. No pain, no gain.
B. Every job is worth having.
C. Practice makes perfect.
. D. He laughs best who laughs last.
阅读下面短文，请完成短文后的2项测试任务: (1) 从第16~20题后所给的6个
选项中为第➊~❺段每段选择1个正确的小标题; (2) 从第21~25题后所给的6个选
Super Sense of Smell
➊Dogs have a surprising sense of smell. It allows them to perform excellently at
searcb-and-rescue operations. It also enables them to detect bombs. They can even sniff (嗅)
out chemical changes resulting from certain diseases. Therefore, dogs are trained to save
❷Dogs begin training when they are two months old. Their owners drop them off at training
centrs from 9 am. to 5 p.nm. every weekday. During the time, trainers play hide-and-seek with the
dogs to train their sense of smell. They teach the dogs to climb ladders and run past obstacles (障
碍). They also expose the dogs to loud noises.
❸Diseases have specific smells. Although the smells are usually too subtle for human
noses t如o detect, dogs can tell something is wrong and wamn people about the problem by
barking. Many people have reported that their dogs warned them of an ilness.
❹Scientists are training dogs to detect disease. A dog is asked to snff a wheel. Blood
samples from different people are attached to the outside of the wheel. Blood from a cancer
patient has a slightly different smell than blood from a healthy person. The dog must figure
out which blood sample to pick.
❺Scientists are working to design an electronic nose that can sniff out cancer. To do that,
they need to figure out what molecules (分子) are sent out fom the cancer. Then they can create
a mixture with similar smell to that of the cancer. Once scientists know which molecules match
the cancer's smell, e-nose could be designed to detect cancer.
16. Paragraph ➊:
A. Electronic nose design
17. Paragraph ❷:
B. Blood sample detection
C. Molecule structure
18. Paragraph ❸:
D. Training for dogs
19. Paragraph ❹:
E. Life-saving ability of dogs
20. Paragraph ❺:
F. Dogs' ability to detect diseases
21. Dogs can recognize chemical changes.
22. Dogs are sent to training centers,
23. Dogs sometimes can wam their owners.
24. Dogs are trained to detect diseases.
25. To design an e-nose, scientists must find out.
A. to train their sense of smell
B. to perform search and rescue
C. which are caused by diseases
D. who suffer frorm certain cancers
E. which molecules go with cancer
F. by recognizing certain blood samples
It was the frst week of June. Giabi just finished her third year of high school. However,
when she received her report card in the mail, she leamed that she failed a semester of algebra
Gabi was glad she had the chance to make up for the class. She can't move on to the next
level in math if she doesn't pass algebra. Summer school isn't easy though._ 27. During
the regular school year, however, she has twenty weeks to do so.
Summer school meant that Gabi would be stuck in a hot classroom while most of her
friends were at the beach or local amusement parks. Gabi's friends didn't fail any
course._ 28_ Going to summer school also meant that Gabi's family had to change their
summer vacation plans.
Gabi had to be in summer school from 9 a.m. to noon._ 29_ She had to be on the bus
at least an hour before class started or else she would be late. The classrooms were hot since
the school building was old and did not have air conditioning. When Gabi came home from
school, she couldn't do whatever she wanted. She had homework to do.
This was the first time Gabi had to go to summer school._ 30__ She made a promise
to berself. In the fll, when regular classes begin again, she will try her hardest to pass all the
A. She wanted it to be the last time.
B. She couldn't stay up late on weeknights.
C. Gabi planned to go tavlling next summer.
D. This meant she bad to go to summer school.
E. Gabi has to master the material in six weeks.
F. They could have the whole summer free from schoolwork.第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题，每题1.5分，共15分)
Myths of Our Finger-nails
Everyone knows your finger -nails can show whether you are in good health or not. But
that is not entirely true. Well,_ 3L , there are plenty of people with health
have normal-looking nails.
There can be a significant pumber of ways that finger-nails of healthy people can
look_ 33. So while paying atention to changes in your nails is_ 34 , thinking that
there is a health problem may be too early.
Some women_ 35__ that rubbing garlic (大蒜) on their nails has helped their nails
grow longer. But that is not the case. Keeping nails_ 36 wet in proper ways can
help_ 37 them from breaking, particularly in the_ 38 and winter months. It is a good
idea to_ 39 hand cream on your hands and finger-nails after washing them, which will
offer_ 40_ from bad weather.
Mark Spiz is one of the grealest (great) swimmers of all time. He_ 41 (obtain)
seven gold medals at the 1972 Munich Games.
American Mark Spitz had_ 42 (proud) predicted that he would win six gold medals
at the 1968 Mexico City Games. Although he_ 43_ (do) take home two gold medals from
the relays (接力), he performed well below_ 44_ (expect) in his individual races.
At the 1972 Munich Games, Spitz was_ 45 (determine) to make up for his
poor_ 46 (perform) four years earlier. This time he was quite_ 47 (success). Over a
period of eight days, Mark Spitz entered seven_ 48 (event), won all seven and set a
world record in every one.
Mark Spitz_ 49_ (hold) the record for most gold medals won at a single Olympic
Games for 36 years. It was_ 50_ (inaI) broken by Michael Phelps who won eight gold