Booking Online and Saving the Eavironment
When you are loking to book a holiday, it is unlikely that you will think about how
green your booking decision is, but it is something that you should think about. By“green"
we mean the impact on the envronment.
When looking to book a holiday, you will probably find that you are faced with two
main decisions. The first is to go into a travel agency, pick up brochures (宣传册), read
through them and go back with just one and book with the travel agents directly or over the
phone. The second is to go onto the Intemet.
The Intemet holds many advantages over the travel agencies. The main one is
convenience. You can go online to look at holidays at any time of the day. The travel agents,
however, are usually very busy at times when people can actually go, i.e. lunch hours or at the
weekend. You could use the telephone, but you wouldn't be able to see the pictures or the
details of the holidays, so you would probably be sent a brochure anyway.
There are websites on the Internet that make shopping for bholiday deals much easier.
These websites are known as price comparison websites. They search through lots of different
tour operators, and the results are displayed on one page, from which you can choose.
Compared with the travel agencies, booking online is greener. The piles of brochures are
definitely not green, and the amount of unncessary paper used can't be good for the
environment. In the days of the Intemnet, there is really no need for such a large amount of
paper to be wasted. So booking online will not only save you time and efort, it will do a ltle
bit towards saving the environment, too!
1. When planning holidays, few people will think about being green.
C. Not Given
2. There are two main choices when people look to book their holidays.
3. People go to travel agencies and make their decisions directly.
4. The main advantage of booking online is saving money.
5. Many people go to travel agencies at lunchtime.
6. Booking holidays by telephone requires less communicative skills.
7. There are limited choices at price comparison websites.
8. Travel agencies make the best use of price comparison websites.
9. Travelers collect brochures as a hobby.
Urban gardening refers to the practice of planting a garden in the city. Apartments, town
homes, and other areas with lttle or no land are being used for gardening. This method of
gardening is becoming more common as the amount of land for gardening in cities is
becoming smaller and smaller.
Containers, hanging baskets and raised beds are examples of items people use to create a
garden in a confined space. Some cities also offer a shared community garden for people who
have no Ioom to grow plants at bhome.
Many types of plants can be grown in containers and baskets. Tomatoes and peppers, for
instance, can grow in containers on windowsills (窗台). Plants grown on a windowsill should
usually receive at least six to eight hours of sunlight daily. Herbs are often grown in
containers or baskets in the kitchen. They do not require much space and can be bhandy for
People who want to grow more plants may use raised beds which are usually made of
wood pieces and flld with a mixture of soil and fertilizers. They can be built on top of any
hard surface, including roof tops. People like them because the beds ofen cost much less than
most other methods of gardening.
Community gardening could be an option for anyone who does not have space for a
garden at home. Most cities that offer this will rent a small plot of land to someone for a fee,
or allow them to use it ftee of charge. Instead of dividing the land into separate plots, some
cities allow everyone in the neighborhood to share and work on the same land. This method
could be beneficial for people in the neighbothood who share the passion for growing things.
11. Utban gardening came into being as a result of.
A. the lack of land for gardening
B. new technology
C. govemment encouragement
D. the increasing population
12. The word "“confined" (QPara. 2) means
10. Booking online is a way to save the environment.
C. Not Given13. Plants grown on windowsills require a lot of.
14. Raised beds are popular because they.
A. are efficient
B. are cheap
C. last long
D. contain frtilizers
15. Community gardening is beneficial because it
A. saves more land
B. requires less work
C. increases output
D. connects people
阅读下面短文，请完成短文后的2项测试任务: (1) 从第16~20题后所给的6个
选项中为第➊~❺段每段选择1个正确的段落大意: (2) 从第21~25题后所给的6个
My Science Teacher
➊Usually when people decide to be teachers, they go to college, get a degree, and find a
job at a school. They prepare lesson plans, give out bomework, and make up tests. To them, it
is just a job, a way to make a living. But for my science teacher, Mrs. Cook, teaching is not
just her job; it's who she is. She teaches through her heart.
❷She has so much enthusiasm in her lessons. She is the one who goes out late at night to
buy 10 pounds of sugar for our experiments. She brings in water from the nearby canal to
make her point, and to make us remember the lesson. She makes us think that each new fact
could change our lives.
❸Mrs. Cook wants alil of us to do well in school. She tries to reach each student. She
neither ignores the sleeping kid in the back, nor lets the problem students alone. She shows
special concern to slow students, and often helps them after school. None of us can slip away
from her attention.
❹Middle school is probably one of the hardest times of our lives. We change friends so
often, and fight with our parents constantly. But Mrs. Cook has made this year so much better
for us than it could have been, We know that if we had to tum to anybody, it would be her.
And I'm not alone in feling this way; sbe is a role model for our whole class.
❺Science had never been my favorite subject 1 had never borrowed science books. I had
never performed experiments in my home. But this year, it's the science class that I don't mind
waking up for, the test I don't mind taking. I have Mrs. Cook to thank for that. She has taught us
so much more than just a single subject.
A Mrs. Cook makes our school life easier.
17. Paragraph ❷:
B. I enjoy science class now.
18. Paragraph ❸:
C. Mrs. Cook cares about each student.
19. Paragraph ❹:
D. Mrs. Cook is strict with her students.
20. Paragraph ❺: :
E. Mrs. Cook's lessons are well-prepared.
F. Teaching is more than a job for Mrs. Cook.
21. To become a school teacher, one needs.
22. Mrs. Cook often goes out to cllect
23. Mrs. Cook offers slow students extra help,
24. Our whole class take Mrs. Cook as.
25. I am lucky to have Mrs. Cook as.
A. in class
B. my teacher
C. after school
D. a role model
E. a college degree
F. teaching materials
Lack of Sleep Is Dangerous
Do you know that if you miss out too much sleep you will die? It's true! If you stay
awake for a long. long time, your brain and body will break down.
The unofficial world record for staying awake is 11 days, and it's held by Randy
26 He also had help fom TV and radio reporters, a sleep researcher and a
What happened?_ 27_ Then his brain started to lose sense. On day 4, he thought a
street sign was really a person. On day 6, he began to speak very slowly. On day 9, he
couldn't finish sentences. On day 10, Randy thought he saw a forest in the next
room._ 28__ Eventually, after he'd broken the world record, Randy was told to go to sleep.
Experiments that keep people awake for dangerously long periods are always stopped before
the patients break down.
Rats, however, aren't so well cared for._ 29. That's sooner than if they'd been
allowed to sleep but were given no food. They get really thin. But that's not because they stop
eating- -quite the opposite. Even though these rats are eating food, their bodies can't process
it in the normal way. On top of that, their ltte bodies lose more heat than normal, which
makes them weak. This means that they need more food to stay at a healthy
And that's what lack of sleep does for you.
A. In fact, he went a bit crazy.
B. Normally rats wouldn't catch a cold.
C. Towards the end, the health of these rats is failing.
D. When kept from sleeping, they die within three weeks.
E. Randy asked two of his friends to stop him fllig asleep.
E. First of al, staying awake long made Randy bad-tempered.第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题，每题1.5分,共15分)
Most words in a child's vocabulary come from everyday encounters with language.
Children__ 31_ up language from books, media, and conversations.
You can increase your child's vocabulary and - 32_ knowledge by having
conversations with them. With babies, you can talk to them about what you're doing so they
can begin to_ 33. words with concepts. As your baby begins to speak, start asking,
“What's that?" when_ 34. to objects or pictures. Elaborate on their_ 35_ answers as a
way to have them listening to more words.“Yes, that is a banana! It's_ 36 and smooth."
With young children, you can talk about the things you see in your_ 37_ , on trips
around town, or on television. These conversations help build a child's_ 38 of his world.
When reading, pause to ask questions on the story. Ask,“Why do you think he did that?" or
“What do you think is going to happen
39 ?" Tell your children stories fom your own
life, or about the day they were_ 40__ This helps develop their personal and cultural
F. build .
下面的短文有10 处空白，每处空白后的括号内有一个词， 请根据短文内容将其正
Getting water seems (seem) so easy for many people. You will be_ 41 (mistake) if
you think there is an_ 42_ (end) supply of water. In fact, the world has a water shortage.
Seventy percent of the world is_ 43 (cover) in water. But most of it is salt water. Only a
small_ 44 : (percent) is fresh drinking water. Countries_ 45_ (include) Spain, Italy
and South Africa actually import water from countries such as the United States and
Australia. _ 46 (surprising), 1.1 bilion people on earth have difculty- 47__ (get)
clean drinking water. This global problem is predicted to get_ 48__ (bad) as the
atmosphere becomes warmer.
Every person in Britain
49_ (use) about 150 litres of water a day. In some countries
people only bhave 5 to 10 litres a day! They would be_ 50 (shoek) to learn how we waste
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